Minimal GRUB Configuration To Boot A Multiboot2 Kernel With Boot Modules

TLDR: for Multiboot2 you use module2 and for Multiboot1 module in GRUB config files. One of my projects of the last months was to build a prototype setup for kernels written in Rust. The kernel is Multiboot2-compliant and boots on x86_64 with UEFI as firmware. To test everything, I create a standalone GRUB in a directory, which contains the kernel (an 64-bit ELF) and a minimal grub.conf. The “standalone GRUB” is a regular Read more…

Adding and Using Files To/From the GRUB Memdisk (GRUB Standalone)

TLDR: GRUB can reference internal files via the volume specifier (memdisk), similar to external drives (hd0). GRUB has an undocumented but really convenient feature to include files/images (e.g., bootable kernels) directly into the GRUB installation itself. If you use $ grub-mkstandalone to store GRUB on a USB stick or a QEMU volume for example, you can bundle GRUB as EFI-application together with a configuration and payload/files. These files can be stored in the Read more…

Rust: Calling Functions With Different Calling Conventions From Same File

The other day I had some fun with assembly and wanted to try to call assembly functions from Rust. Each compiler follows a certain calling convention, that specifies how parameters are passed between functions. The calling convention is part of an ABI, an application binary interface. There are two major calling conventions out there: System V ABI and “Microsoft/PE x64”. The latter has no real official name, at least I can’t find one Read more…